Liam Royce, Erin Boggess, Tao Jin, Julie Dickerson, Laura Jarboe
Systems Metabolic Engineering, Pages 249-267
Publication year: 2013


Directed laboratory evolution is a common technique to obtain an evolved bacteria strain with a desired phenotype. This technique is especially useful as a supplement to rational engineering for complex phenotypes such as increased biocatalyst tolerance to toxic compounds. However, reverse engineering efforts are required in order to identify the mutations that occurred, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), insertions/deletions (indels), duplications, and rearrangements. In this protocol, we describe the steps to (1) obtain and sequence the genomic DNA, (2) process and analyze the genomic DNA sequence data, and (3) verify the mutations by Sanger resequencing.